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Oculus

Abstract #46800 Published in IGR 13-3

Lower corneal hysteresis is associated with more rapid glaucomatous visual field progression

de Moraes CVG; Hill V; Tello C; Liebmann JM; Ritch R
Journal of Glaucoma 2011;


AIM: We investigated the correlation between central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal hysteresis (CH) and their relationship with the rate of visual field (VF) change. METHODS: Glaucoma patients who underwent complete ophthalmic examination and tonometry using both the Goldmann applanation tonometer and the Ocular Response Analyzer were prospectively enrolled. Only eyes with (greater-than or equal to)5 SITA Standard 24-2 VF tests were included. Automated pointwise linear regression analysis was used to determine VF progression. One hundred fifty-three eyes (153 patients; mean age, 61.3(plus or minus)14.0 y; mean number of VF, 8.5(plus or minus)3.4; mean follow-up time, 5.3(plus or minus)2.0 y) met the enrollment criteria. RESULTS: The mean global rate of VF change was -0.34(plus or minus)0.7 dB/y. Twenty-five eyes (16%) reached a progression endpoint. Progressing eyes had lower CCT (525.0(plus or minus)34.2 vs 542.3(plus or minus)38.5 (mu)m, P=0.04) and lower CH (7.5(plus or minus)1.4 vs 9.0(plus or minus)1.8 mm Hg, P<0.01) compared with nonprogressing eyes. CH and CCT correlated significantly (r=0.33, P<0.01). By multivariate analysis, peak intraocular pressure [odds ratio (OR)=1.13 per mm Hg higher, P<0.01], age (OR=1.57 per decade older, P=0.03), and CH (OR=1.55 per mm Hg lower, P<0.01) remained statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Corneal biomechanical and physical properties, such as CH and CCT, are highly correlated and associated with VF progression. As CH may describe corneal properties more completely than thickness alone, it may be a parameter that is better associated with progression.

C. V. G. de Moraes.


Classification:

2.2 Cornea (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)
6.6.2 Automated (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.6 Visual field examination and other visual function tests)



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