Abstract #70551 Published in IGR 18-2

Significant Glaucomatous Visual Field Progression in the First Two Years: What Does It Mean?

Anderson AJ
Translational vision science & technology 2016; 5: 1

PURPOSE: It has been recommended that multiple visual field examinations be performed in the first 2 years after glaucoma diagnosis so that rapid visual field progression (≤-2 dB/year, using ordinary least squares regression over time of the summary index mean deviation [MD]) can be detected. Here I investigate how predictive a statistically significant regression slope is of truly rapid visual field progression. METHODS: I simulated visual field series (N = 100,000) spaced at 4 monthly intervals for the first 2 years. MD values had a standard deviation of 1 dB. The true underlying rates of progression were selected from a modified hyperbolic secant with parameters averaged from fits to large data sets from Canada, Sweden, and the United States. RESULTS: The positive predictive value (PPV) for rapid progression was 0.47 after 2 years, whereas the negative predictive value (NPV) was > 0.99. When using the criterion that a significant regression also had to have a slope of ≤ -2 dB/year, the PPV for rapid progression reduced substantially to 0.18 but the NPV was essentially unchanged (NPV >0.99). CONCLUSION: Although performing multiple visual fields in the first 2 years provides appropriate power to detect rapid progression, a significant regression slope in the first 2 years is not highly predictive of rapid progression, particularly so if slopes ≤ -2 dB/year are considered only. TRANSLATIONAL RELEVANCE: Statistically significant visual field progression in a short period after diagnosis may not necessarily indicate the presence of rapid progression, and so confirmatory signs of rapid progression should be sought before implementing treatment changes.

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6.20 Progression (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods)
6.6.2 Automated (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.6 Visual field examination and other visual function tests)

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