PURPOSE: To evaluate visual field (VF) progression and rate of glaucomatous VF loss in patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) using pointwise linear regression (PLR) trend analysis. DESIGN: Clinic-based retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Primary angle-closure glaucoma patients with 5 or more reliable VF tests and with 5 years or more of follow-up. METHODS: Visual field progression was assessed by PROGRESSOR software version 3.7 (Medisoft, Leeds, United Kingdom) and was defined by the presence of at least 2 adjacent testing points located within the same hemifield that showed progression with a change of -1 dB/year or more (P < 0.01) for inner points or -2 dB/year or more (P < 0.01) for edge points. We also performed a logistic regression analysis to determine the variables associated with rapid progression (defined as mean slope of progressing points ≥-1.5 dB/year). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual field progression and rate of VF loss. RESULTS: Of the 1296 patients who were assessed, 398 (30.7%) fulfilled the inclusion criteria of 5 or more VFs and 5 years or more of follow-up. Visual field progression was observed in 63 of 398 eyes (15.8%) according to the PLR criteria. The overall mean rate of VF change for these patients was -0.12±0.51 dB/year over a mean follow-up period of 10.4±3.7 years. There were no significant differences in the age, gender distribution, follow-up duration, or number of VFs between those who showed progression and those who did not (all P > 0.05). The most common sector of VF progression was the superior arcuate area (65%). Rapid progression was found in 36 patients (57%). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed older age and higher vertical cup-to-disc ratio (VCDR) at presentation as predictors of rapid progression (all P < 0.005) in the progressing group (n = 63). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with PACG being managed in a hospital setting, VF progression was noted in 15.8%, and the overall rate of VF loss was -0.12±0.51 dB/year. The superior arcuate was the most common sector of progression. Older age and higher VCDR at presentation were associated with rapid progression.
Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.