PURPOSE: To test the hypotheses that: (1) structure-function (SF) relationships between visual fields (VF) and Bruch's membrane opening-based minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) measurements are superior to those for peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) in perimetric glaucoma; (2) BMO-MRW measurements may extend the utility of structural measurement across the range of glaucoma severity; and (3) to estimate the influence of Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) size on BMO-MRW measurements. METHODS: One hundred eight perimetric glaucoma eyes (68 patients) with good quality spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of the optic disc and pRNFL, and reliable VF within 6 months were recruited. Relationship of global and sectoral BMO-MRW and pRNFL thickness with corresponding VF parameters and the influence of normalizing BMO-MRW (on BMO circumference, nBMO-MRW) on SF relationships were investigated. Broken-stick models were used to compare the point at which pRNFL and BMO-MRW parameters reached their measurement floor. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range) of VF mean deviation was -5.9 (-12.6 to -3.6) dB. Spearman correlation coefficients between pRNFL, BMO-MRW, and nBMO-MRW measures and corresponding VF cluster average deviations ranged between 0.55 to 0.80, 0.35 to 0.66, and 0.38 to 0.65, respectively. Bruch's membrane opening-MRW parameters demonstrated weaker SF relationships compared with pRNFL globally and in temporal, temporal-superior, and nasal-inferior sectors (P < 0.03). Normalization of BMO-MRW did not significantly influence SF relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Structure-function relationships were somewhat weaker with BMO-MRW parameters compared with pRNFL in eyes with perimetric glaucoma. Bruch's membrane opening-MRW normalization did not significantly change SF relationships in this group of eyes with mild departures from average BMO size.
Glaucoma Division, Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States.