Abstract #79846 Published in IGR 20-2

Latanoprost could exacerbate the progression of presbyopia

Ayaki M; Tsuneyoshi Y; Yuki K; Tsubota K; Negishi K
PLoS ONE 2019; 14: e0211631

PURPOSE: Prostaglandin analogues (PG) reduce intra-ocular pressure by enhancing uveoscleral flow at the ciliary body, which controls accommodation via the ciliary muscle. We investigated the effect of PG on accommodation and presbyopia progression in glaucoma patients. METHODS: We conducted a clinic-based, retrospective, cross-sectional study. Inclusion criteria were bilateral phakic patients aged 40-69 years with best corrected visual acuity better than 20/30. Exclusion criteria were any disease affecting vision other than glaucoma and history of ocular surgery. Subjects with no prescription or vision-affecting disease served as controls (n = 260). The glaucoma patients were prescribed eye drops containing 0.005% latanoprost for more than six months (n = 23). We measured the binocular near add power at a distance of 30 cm in both groups and compared the results using Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: The mean age (± SD) of the control subjects was 51.5 ± 5.2 years and 39% were male. Similarly, the glaucoma patients had a mean age of 51.0 ± 7.2 years and 39% were male. There were no significant differences in age, gender, intra-ocular pressure, spherical equivalent, astigmatism, or anisometropia between groups. Survival analysis indicated that the glaucoma patients in this study reached the endpoint (near add power of +3.00 D) significantly earlier than control patients (P = 0.0001; generalized Wilcoxon test). CONCLUSIONS: Exacerbation of presbyopia progression in glaucoma patients is a potential side effect of latanoprost eyedrops.

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11.4 Prostaglandins (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)
8.5 Other (Part of: 8 Refractive errors in relation to glaucoma)

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