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WGC-2021

Abstract #79909 Published in IGR 20-2

Outcomes of Glaucoma Drainage Device Surgery in Eyes with Treated Uveal Melanoma

Fatehi N; McCannel TA; Giaconi J; Caprioli J; Law SK; Nouri-Mahdavi K
Ocular oncology and pathology 2019; 5: 20-27


AIM: We report patient safety and intraocular pressure (IOP) control after placement of a glaucoma drainage device (GDD) in eyes with a history of treated malignant uveal melanoma. METHODS: A retrospective review of the records of patients with uveal melanoma was performed. Outcomes were local tumor recurrence, rate of metastases, and to-nometric success, based on survival curves, defined as IOP < 21 mm Hg. RESULTS: Eleven eyes with choroidal melanoma, 4 with iris melanoma, and 1 with ciliary body melanoma were followed for a median (interquartile range) of 2.1 (1.1-3.2) years. Two subjects developed liver metastases; one had monosomy 3 and tumor gene expression profile class 2. The other case with ciliary body melanoma was negative for monosomy 3. There were no cases of local treatment failure. Mean preoperative IOP decreased from 30.5 ± 7.7 to 15.9 ± 8.1 mm Hg at 1 year after surgery (1-year success rate 80%). CONCLUSIONS: Our case series with a median follow-up of 2 years shows that placing a GDD in patients with treated uveal melanoma does not expose patients to greater risk of local or extraocular recurrence. A larger series and longer follow-up time are required to fully evaluate the safety of GDDs in this clinical scenario.

Stein Eye and Doheny Eye Institutes, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Full article

Classification:

9.4.8 Glaucomas associated with intraocular tumors (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders)
12.8.2 With tube implant or other drainage devices (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment > 12.8 Filtering surgery)



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