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WGW-2021

Abstract #81047 Published in IGR 20-3

Phacotrabeculectomy in Eyes With Uveitic Glaucoma: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Wadke V; Wadke V; Lingam V; George R; George AE; Ganesh SK; Biswas J; Balekudaru S
Journal of Glaucoma 2019; 28: 606-612


PRECIS: Phacotrabeculectomy with adjunctive mitomycin C is a good option for the management of coexisting cataract and glaucoma. Strict preoperative control of inflammation and close follow-up are essential in the management of eyes with uveitic glaucoma (UG). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of phacotrabeculectomy with adjunctive antimetabolites in the management of patients with UG and patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 112 patients with UG and 120 patients with POAG who underwent phacotrabeculectomy with mitomycin C and had a follow-up of ≥12 months between January 2000 and June 2015 was performed. Patients who had undergone intraocular surgery or cyclodestructive procedures earlier were excluded. The primary outcome was intraocular pressure (IOP) control; secondary outcomes included visual acuity and complication rates. RESULTS: IOP control was similar at the final visit in the UG group (14.52±6.74 mm Hg) and the POAG group (14.39±4.18 mm Hg) (P=0.867). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a cumulative probability of survival (IOP: 6 to 18 with or without medications) in 71% and 77% at the end of 5 years (P=0.094) in the UG and POAG groups, respectively. Visual outcomes were worse in the UG group (0.5±0.68 logMAR units), as compared with the POAG group (0.27±0.47 logMAR units) (P=0.002). Complications such as cystoid macular edema (P=0.025) and posterior capsular opacification (P=0.004) were more common in the UG group. Recurrence of inflammation occurred in 34 eyes (30.04%) in the UG group. CONCLUSION: Meticulous control of perioperative and postoperative inflammation could have contributed to the favorable long-term outcomes of phacotrabeculectomy in UG, as compared with POAG.

Smt Jadhavabai Nathmal Singhvee Glaucoma Services.

Full article

Classification:

9.4.6 Glaucomas associated with inflammation, uveitis (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders)
12.14.3 Phacoemulsification (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment > 12.14 Combined cataract extraction and glaucoma surgery)



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