To evaluate the outcomes of trabeculectomy combined with a new prophylactic sclerotomy in late stage juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) and primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) patients at high risks of intraoperative and postoperative suprachoroidal hemorrhage (SCH). A retrospective case series study. Thirty-three eyes of 28 JOAG patients and 15 eyes of 12 PCG patients with high risk factors for severe choroidal effusion or SCH were enrolled from November 2006 to April 2012 at Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University. The standard trabeculectomy accompanied by prophylactic sclerotomy was performed (video attached). Ophthalmic examinations were performed before and after the surgery. Surgical outcome was assessed in terms of intraocular pressure (IOP), best-corrected visual acuity, optic nerve head cup disc ratio, visual field, and complications. All patients were followed up for at least 1 year. Complete success was defined as an IOP ≥6 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) but ≤18 mmHg without medication. Qualified success was defined as an IOP ≥6 mmHg but ≤18 mmHg with local application of medications. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were drawn for the success rate calculation. The mean age of all 40 patients was (13.2±9.4) years old. And among them, 22 patients were male and 18 patients were female. The mean follow-up time was (31.8±15.9) months. At the postoperative 3(rd) year, the complete success rate was 75.8%, and the qualified success rate was 90.0%. In our case series, one eye had expulsive SCH intraoperatively and two eyes had delayed SCH postoperatively. All of them were successfully saved without further surgery and with no significant damage to visual function. Trabeculectomy combined with prophylactic sclerotomy is a promising technique developed to control IOP in late stage JOAG and PCG patients, which provides a potential intervention to reduce severe consequences of massive choroidal effusion or SCH.
Department of Ophthalmology, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, NHC Key Laboratory of Myopia (Fudan University), Laboratory of Myopia, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Visual Impairment and Restoration, Shanghai 200031, China.