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Oculus

Abstract #81334 Published in IGR 20-3

Changes in intraocular pressure after intraocular eye surgery-the influence of measuring technique

Kovacic H; Wolfs RCW; Kılıç E; Ramdas WD
International Journal of Ophthalmology 2019; 12: 967-973


AIM: To investigate the changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) before and after intraocular surgery measured with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and pascal dynamic contour tonometry (PDCT), and assessed their agreement. METHODS: Patients who underwent trans pars plana vitrectomy (TPPV) with or without cataract extraction (CE) were included. The IOP was measured in both eyes with GAT and PDCT pre- and postoperatively, where the non-operated eyes functioned as control. RESULTS: Preoperatively, mean IOP measurements were 16.3±6.0 mm Hg for GAT and 12.0±2.8 mm Hg for PDCT for the operated eyes. Postoperatively, the mean IOP dropped to 14.3±5.6 mm Hg for GAT (=0.011) and rose up to 12.7±2.6 mm Hg for PDCT (=0.257). Bland-Altman analysis showed a poor agreement between GAT and PDCT with a mean difference of 2.9 mm Hg preoperatively and 95% limits of agreement ranging from -3.2 to 9.0 mm Hg. Postoperatively, the mean difference was 1.2 mm Hg with 95% limits of agreement ranging from -8.3 to 10.7 mm Hg. There were no significant differences between the TPPV and TPPV+CE group, except when measured with PDCT postoperatively (=0.012). CONCLUSION: The IOP is reduced after surgery when measured with GAT and remained stable when measured with PDCT. However, the agreement between GAT and PDCT is poor. Although PDCT may be a more accurate predictor of the true IOP, it seems less suitable for daily use in the clinical practice.

Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam 3000 CA, the Netherlands.

Full article

Classification:

6.1.1 Devices, techniques (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.1 Intraocular pressure measurement; factors affecting IOP)
9.4.11.5 Glaucomas associated with vitreoretinal surgery (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders > 9.4.11 Glaucomas following intraocular surgery)



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