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Oculus

Abstract #81435 Published in IGR 20-3

The effects of prostaglandins and endocannabinoids on iris arterial vascularization in Wistar rats - Experimental analysis

Coman IC; Al Hammoud M; Tudosescu R; Iancu R; Barac C; Popa CA
Romanian journal of ophthalmology 2019; 63: 135-141


The iris vascular supply originates in the anterior and long posterior ciliary arteries. The endothelium influences local blood flow by releasing endothelium relaxing and contracting substances. From a functional perspective, the ocular vascular tonus adjustment is humoral and neural dependent. The present article aims to evaluate the possible implications of topical administration of selective COX2 and nonselective COX inhibitors generically named nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and their possible interactions with the endocannabinoid system and the way they could interfere with the vascular tone at the level of ocular iris territory in Wistar rats. Experimental protocol on Wistar rats was performed in accordance with present laws regarding animal welfare and ethics in animal experiments (Directive 86/ 609EEC/ 1986; Romanian Law 205/ 2004; Romanian Laws 206/ 2004, 471/ 2002 and 9/ 2008; Romanian Order 143/ 400). The studied substances were instilled topically under general anesthesia, and images of the rat iris vessels were captured over a period of 10 minutes. The obtained images were further analyzed using an appropriate hardware and software program. The nonselective NSAIDs induced vascular dilation in the iris vessels, while the selective COX2 inhibitors determined a variable degree of vasoconstriction. In view of the results of this experiment and the added evidence found in literature, we consider that further research will show the potential benefits for the additional use of NSAIDs in ocular pathology, otherwise unaffected by this medication until the present time (for example, glaucoma treatment).


Classification:

11.4 Prostaglandins (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)
11.14 Investigational drugs; pharmacological experiments (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)
2.8 Iris (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)
3.8 Pharmacology (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)



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