Abstract #82156 Published in IGR 20-4

Aqueous humor levels of TGFβ2 and SFRP1 in different types of glaucoma

Guo T; Guo L; Fan Y; Fang L; Wei J; Tan Y; Chen Y; Fan X
BMC Ophthalmology 2019; 19: 170

BACKGROUND: To assess bioactive transforming growth factor-β2 (TGFβ2) and secreted frizzled-related protein-1 (SFRP1) levels in aqueous humor (AH) of different types of glaucoma. METHODS: AH samples were obtained immediately before ophthalmic surgery with a 27-gauge needle attached to a microsyringe from 126 eyes (105 patients) divided into five groups: cataract (control), primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG), primary angle-closure suspects (PACS), and acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG). Bioactive TGFβ2 and SFRP1 levels were assayed by ELISA. RESULTS: The concentration of TGFβ2 in AH of POAG patients, but not CACG, PACS, or AACG patients, was significantly higher than control eyes. However, within the AACG group, although the TGFβ2 levels in AH did not differ significantly from the control level when all AACG patients were grouped together, there were differences when the AACG patients were divided into high and normal intraocular pressure (IOP); TGFβ2 of AACG patients with high IOP (> 21 mmHg) was significantly higher than those with normal IOP. AH levels of SFRP1 were not significantly different among the groups. However, a statistical significant, negative correlation between SFRP1 and IOP existed in the POAG group. POAG patients with high IOP had lower levels of SFRP1 than those with normal IOP. In contrast, a significant, positive correlation between SFRP1 level and IOP was detected in the AACG group. AACG patients with high IOP had a higher level of SFRP1 than those with normal IOP. Concentrations of TGFβ2 and SFRP1 did not correlate significantly with each other, or with age. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that AH levels of TGFβ2 and SFRP1 showed different profiles in different types of glaucomas.

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2.6.3 Compostion (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma > 2.6 Aqueous humor dynamics)
3.7 Biochemistry (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)

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