To compare the efficacy, safety, and potential advantages of the preservative-free versus preserved brimonidine %0.15 preparations in patients with primer open-angle glaucoma (POAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). Forty-two eyes of the 21 treatment-naive patients with POAG or OHT were enrolled in this study. Eyes were randomly assigned to receive brimonidine-purite 0.15% or preservative-free brimonidine 0.15% two times daily. Efficacy of the two eye drops was assessed by measuring the intraocular pressure (IOP) at 9-10 am at baseline and week 4. Safety and potential advantages of the drops were evaluated at weeks 4 in terms of ocular symptoms and tear parameters. Ocular symptom values of the patients were evaluated with a scale of 0-4 (0 = no discomfort and 4 = severe discomfort). Both of the brimonidine tartrate formulations resulted in statistically similar IOP reduction (preserved formulation; -5.2 mmHg [22.9% reduction] preservative-free formulation; -5.7 mmHg [24.1% reduction], = 0.37). It was found that brimonidine tartrate formulations with and without topical preservatives did not produce a statistically significant difference in pain, stinging, and blurred vision at the upon instillation ( > 0.05). However, the burning sensation was significantly higher in the preservative-free formulation at the first instillation compared to the preserved formulation ( = 0.01). Also, there was no statistically significant difference between the two formulations in terms of symptoms (itching, burning, tearing, stinging, and photophobia) and tear parameters during the day ( > 0.05). Although topical preservative-free brimonidine tartrate treated eyes had a more burning sensation at the first drop, the two formulations were similar in terms of ocular tolerability in the short term period. Also, both formulations were found to reduce IOP at a similar rate.
Department of Ophthalmology, Kayseri City Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey.