PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the tear meniscus in medically controlled glaucoma patients (MCGP) using anterior segment-optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six MCGP, 24 patients with evaporative dry eye (EDE), and 30 healthy subjects (controls), were enrolled. MCGP were divided into group 1 (14 eyes): β-blockers; group 2 (14 eyes): prostaglandin analogs; group 3 (28 eyes) ≥2 drugs. Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire, tear film break-up time, corneal fluorescein staining, Schirmer Test I, and tear meniscus height (lower and upper: L-TMH, U-TMH) and area (L-TMA, U-TMA) using AS-OCT, were performed. RESULTS: OSDI score was higher (P<0.05) in patients with EDE and in group 3 compared with groups 1, 2, and controls. No significant differences were found between group 3 and patients with EDE for all clinical parameters. L-TMA was significantly lower in groups 1 to 3 (P<0.05) and in EDE patients (P<0.001) compared with controls, and it was lower in group 3 and in EDE patients compared with groups 1 and 2 (P<0.05). L-TMH was lower in groups 1 to 3 and in EDE patients compared with controls (P<0.001), and in EDE patients and in group 3 compared with groups 1 and 2 (P<0.05). U-TMA was lower in EDE and MCGP groups compared with controls (P<0.05). L-TMA and L-TMH negatively correlated with OSDI score (P<0.01, r=-0.379 and P<0.01, r=-0.352, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: AS-OCT permits a noninvasive and reliable tear meniscus imaging in medically controlled glaucoma, depicting the glaucoma-related ocular surface disease as a dry eye disease-like condition. Thus, reduced values of TMH and TMA can be proposed as structural indicators of glaucoma therapy-related ocular surface disease.
Department of Medicine and Aging Science, Ophthalmology Clinic, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti.Full article
18.104.22.168 Anterior (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.9 Computerized image analysis > 6.9.2 Optical coherence tomography)
2.1 Conjunctiva (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)
2.2 Cornea (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)
11.16 Vehicles, delivery systems, pharmacokinetics, formulation (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)