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WGC-2021

Abstract #86432 Published in IGR 21-2

Reduction of intraocular pressure using timolol orally dissolving strips in the treatment of induced primary open-angle glaucoma in rabbits

El-Feky YA; Mostafa DA; Al-Sawahli MM; El-Telbany RFA; Zakaria S; Fayez AM; Ahmed KA; Alolayan EM; El-Telbany DFA
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2020; 72: 682-698


OBJECTIVE: To enhance bioavailability of timolol (TML) and utilize alternatives for traditional eye drops for more patient compliance, this study was aiming to develop biodegradable orally dissolving strips (ODSs) of TML for treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: Novel ODSs of TML were formulated and optimized using solvent casting method according to full factorial design (3 .2 ). TML ODSs were characterized with respect to many parameters. In-vivo test was carried out using four groups of 24 New Zealand albino rabbits. POAG was induced by subconjunctival treatment of betamethasone. Histopathological examination and oxidative stress markers assay were carried out. KEY FINDINGS: The optimized formula (F9) exhibited a remarkably 15-s disintegration time and 96% dissolution rate after 10 min. The results revealed a potent significant inhibitory effect of the optimized TML ODS to reduce IOP in induced rabbits in comparison with control rabbits and TML eye drops-treated rabbits. The formula showed also high activity against oxidative stress and absence of histopathological changes in iridocorneal angle and cornea. CONCLUSION: The ODSs could be a promising alternative delivery system for eye drops with more compliance to enhance delivery and therapeutic activity of TML in treatment of POAG.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Modern University for Technology and Information (MTI), Cairo, Egypt.

Full article

Classification:

3.8 Pharmacology (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)
11.3.4 Betablocker (Part of: 11 Medical treatment > 11.3 Adrenergic drugs)
5.3 Other (Part of: 5 Experimental glaucoma; animal models)
11.16 Vehicles, delivery systems, pharmacokinetics, formulation (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)



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