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WGC-2021

Abstract #86573 Published in IGR 21-2

A case of childhood glaucoma with a combined partial monosomy 6p25 and partial trisomy 18p11 due to an unbalanced translocation

Hosono K; Kawase K; Kurata K; Niimi Y; Saitsu H; Minoshima S; Ohnishi H; Yamamoto T; Hikoya A; Tachibana N; Fukao T; Hotta Y
Ophthalmic Genetics 2020; 41: 175-182


: Chromosomal deletion involving the 6p25 region results in a clinically recognizable syndrome characterized by anterior eye chamber anomalies with risk of glaucoma and non-ocular malformations (6p25 deletion syndrome). We report a newborn infant case of childhood glaucoma with a combination of partial monosomy 6p25 and partial trisomy 18p11 due to an unbalanced translocation.: The patient was a 0-year-old girl. Both eyes showed aniridia and left eye Peters anomaly with multiple malformations. To identify the chromosomal aberrations in the patient with clinically suspected 6p25 deletion syndrome, we performed cytogenetic analysis (G-banding and multicolor fluorescent hybridization) and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) analysis.: Cytogenetic analyses revealed a derivative chromosome 6 with its distal short arm replaced by an extra copy of the short arm of chromosome 18. Array-CGH analysis detected a 4.6-Mb deletion at 6pter to 6p25.1 and 8.9-Mb duplication at 18pter to 18p11.22. To determine the breakpoint of the unbalanced rearrangement at the single-base level, we performed a long-range PCR for amplifying the junctional fragment of the translocation breakpoint. By sequencing the junctional fragment, we defined the unbalanced translocation as g.chr6:pter_4594783delinschr18:pter_8911541.: A phenotype corresponding to combined monosomy 6p25 and trisomy 18p11 presented as childhood glaucoma associated with non-acquired (congenital) ocular anomalies consist of aniridia and Peters anomaly and other systemic malformations. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report which demonstrated the breakpoint sequence of an unbalanced translocation in a Japanese infant with childhood glaucoma.

Department of Ophthalmology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Full article

Classification:

9.1.2 Juvenile glaucoma (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.1 Developmental glaucomas)
9.4.15 Glaucoma in relation to systemic disease (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders)
3.4.2 Gene studies (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods > 3.4 Molecular genetics)



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