PURPOSE: To describe the development of a new algorithm for detecting progressive changes in 10-2 visual field (VF) tests using event-based analysis and to test its validity in a second, independent glaucoma cohort. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Patients with established open-angle glaucoma from the Macular Assessment and Progression Study (MAPS; development cohort, n = 151), and the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES; validation cohort, n = 52) were evaluated. The 10-2 VF results from MAPS were obtained during 4 test-retest sessions within a 4-month period. For the validation analysis, 10-2 VF results from ADAGES performed on at least 5 visits were used. The event-based pointwise changes on 10-2 tests in the validation cohort were determined using 2 progression criteria: at least 3 progressing VF locations on 2 or 3 consecutive tests ("possible" or "likely" progression). Linear mixed-effects models were used to evaluate VF progression. RESULTS: In the validation cohort, the mean (SD) follow-up time was 2.3 (0.7) years. The number of eyes experiencing 10-2 VF progression based on "possible" and "likely" progression was 36 (54.5%) and 11 (16.6%), respectively. Eyes experiencing "possible" progression had MD changes (-0.60 dB/year [95% confidence interval (CI): -0.93 to -0.28]) faster than those not meeting this criterion (P < .001), whereas for those with "likely" progression the difference was -0.91 dB/year (95% CI: -1.26 to -0.56, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: A new event-based progression algorithm using the 10-2 VF can identify eyes experiencing more rapid MD progression and may be used as a tool to assess progressive macular functional changes in glaucoma.
Bernard and Shirlee Brown Glaucoma Research Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University Medical Center, Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, New York, New York, USA; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.