Abstract #90112 Published in IGR 21-3

Diagnostic Ability of Individual Macular Layers by Spectral-Domain OCT in Different Stages of Glaucoma

Chua J; Tan B; Ke M; Schwarzhans F; Vass C; Wong D; Nongpiur ME; Wei Chua MC; Yao X; Cheng CY; Aung T; Schmetterer L
Ophthalmology. Glaucoma 2020; 3: 314-326

See also comment(s) by Swarup Swaminathan

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic ability of macular intraretinal layer thickness with circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness, either when used individually or in combination with cpRNFL for detecting early, moderate, and advanced glaucoma. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 423 glaucoma participants and 423 age- and gender-matched normal participants. METHODS: Participants underwent Cirrus spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) imaging (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) using the optic disc and macular scanning protocols. Iowa Reference Algorithms (version 3.8.0) were used for intraretinal layer segmentation, and mean thickness of intraretinal layers was rescaled with magnification correction using axial length value. Thickness measurements of each layer/sector and their corresponding areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) were obtained. Glaucoma eyes were subdivided based on of their visual field severity (early, n = 234; moderate, n = 107; advanced, n = 82). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraretinal layers. RESULTS: Some 67% of participants were male, their average ± standard deviation age was 65±9 years. Circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, macular ganglion cell layer (mGCL), and macular inner plexiform layer (mIPL) were significantly thinner in the glaucoma groups (P < 0.0005). The 2 best parameters for detecting normal eyes from early glaucoma was cpRNFL (AUC = 0.861) and mGCL (AUC = 0.842), from moderate glaucoma was mGCL combined with inner plexiform layer (IPL) (AUC = 0.915) and cpRNFL (AUC = 0 .914), and from advanced glaucoma was mGCL-IPL (AUC = 0.984) and cpRNFL (AUC = 0.977). There was no statistical significance between AUCs for the macular parameter and cpRNFL thickness measurement at any of the severities (P > 0.05). Combining macular and cpRNFL parameters improved the diagnostic performance for early glaucoma (AUC = 0.908; P = 0.002) and moderate glaucoma (AUC = 0.944; P = 0.031) but not for advanced glaucoma (AUC = 0.991; P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Single-layer mGCL thickness is comparable to the traditional cpRNFL thickness for the diagnosis of early/moderate glaucoma, whereas cpRNFL thickness remains the most efficient for advanced glaucoma. Combining macular measurements (GCL and GCL-IPL) and cpRNFL improved the discrimination of early/moderate glaucoma but not of advanced glaucoma. For the diagnosis of early glaucoma, both macular and optic disc scans should be used.

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore; Academic Clinical Program, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.

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Classification: Posterior (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.9 Computerized image analysis > 6.9.2 Optical coherence tomography)
2.13 Retina and retinal nerve fibre layer (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)

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