Abstract #90845 Published in IGR 21-3

Intraocular pressure increases during dynamic resistance training exercises according to the exercise phase in healthy young adults

Vera J; Redondo B; Perez-Castilla A; Jiménez R; García-Ramos A; García-Ramos A
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2020; 258: 1795-1801

PURPOSE: To determine the intraocular pressure (IOP) changes caused by the execution of lower body and upper body resistance training exercises leading to muscular failure depending on the exercise phase (concentric vs. eccentric). We also assessed the influence of the exercise type (back squat vs. biceps curl) and level of effort on the IOP response. METHODS: Nineteen physically active young adults performed four sets (2 exercise type × 2 exercise phase) of 10 repetitions leading to muscular failure while adopting a normal breathing pattern. IOP was measured by rebound tonometry at baseline, after each of the ten repetitions, and after 1 min of recovery. RESULTS: There was a main effect of the exercise phase (p < 0.001, η = 0.56), observing greater IOP values in the eccentric condition of the back squat and concentric condition of the biceps curl. Also, greater IOP values were obtained for the back squat in comparison with the biceps curl (p < 0.001, η = 0.61), and IOP progressively increases with the level of accumulated effort (p < 0.001, η = 0.88; Pearson r = 0.97-0.98). CONCLUSIONS: IOP fluctuates during the different phases of the repetition in dynamic resistance training exercises, being greater IOP values observed during the more physically demanding phases of the exercise (eccentric phase of the back squat and concentric phase of the biceps curl). A heightened IOP response is positively associated with muscle size (back squat > biceps curl) and with the level of effort (number of accumulated repetitions). Based on these findings, highly demanding dynamic resistance training should be avoided when maintaining stable IOP levels is desirable.

Department of Optics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Campus Fuentenueva, 18071, Granada, Spain.

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6.1.3 Factors affecting IOP (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.1 Intraocular pressure measurement; factors affecting IOP)
9.2.2 Other risk factors for glaucoma (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.2 Primary open angle glaucomas)

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