advertisement

Oculus

Abstract #90951 Published in IGR 21-4

Comparison of Intraocular Pressure, Usage of Topical Steroids, Need for Intraocular Pressure Lowering Drops, and Incidence of Glaucoma Surgery Up to 2 Years After Penetrating Keratoplasty and Endothelial Keratoplasty

Vu PQ; Aggarwal S; Lu Y; Xie K; Wade M; Bhatt A
Journal of Glaucoma 2020; 29: 1120-1125


PRECIS: A retrospective review of 239 eyes comparing intraocular pressure (IOP), steroid needs, IOP-lowering drop needs, and incidence of glaucoma surgery between endothelial keratoplasty and penetrating keratoplasties (PKP) at multiple timepoints postoperatively up to 2 years. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative IOP, steroid use, IOP-lowering drop use, and need for glaucoma surgery between PKP, Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all PKP, DMEK, and DSEK surgeries was performed between July 1, 2012 and July 1, 2017 at the University of California, Irvine. Patients with a prior history of glaucoma, corneal or glaucoma surgery, concurrent major or emergent surgery, active infection, and eye disease with synechiae were excluded. A total of 239 patients who underwent PKP (N=127), DMEK (N=46), or DSEK (N=66) were included. IOP, steroid use, IOP-lowering drop use, and need for glaucoma surgery were compared at postoperative day 1, postoperative week 1 (POW1), and postoperative month 1 to 24 (POM1-24). RESULTS: IOP for PKP was higher than DMEK and DSEK at POW1, POM1, POM6, and POM24 (P<0.05). IOP for PKP was higher than DMEK at POM12 (P=0.028). There was no significant difference in IOP between DMEK and DSEK for all timepoints. PKP required more steroids than DSEK and DMEK at POM3, POM6, POM12, and POM24 (P<0.05). More IOP-lowering drops were required for DSEK than DMEK and PKP at postoperative day 1 and POW1 (P<0.05). More IOP-lowering medications were used for DSEK than DMEK at POM3 and POM12 (P<0.05). About 6% to 7% of patients needed glaucoma surgery by POM24. CONCLUSIONS: Endothelial keratoplasties had decreased IOP and steroid needs compared with PKPs postoperatively up to 2 years. The rate of glaucoma surgery and IOP-lowering drop needs were similar between the groups.

Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, Irvine, CA.

Full article

Classification:

9.4.11.4 Glaucomas associated with corneal surgery (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders > 9.4.11 Glaucomas following intraocular surgery)
9.4.1 Steroid-induced glaucoma (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders)



Issue 21-4

Change Issue


advertisement

Oculus