Abstract #91069 Published in IGR 21-4

Surgical outcomes of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in patients with glaucoma secondary to iridocorneal endothelial syndrome

Mao Z; Guo X; Zhong Y; Liu X
Eye 2021; 35: 608-615

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcome of patients with iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome who underwent Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation surgery for uncontrolled glaucoma. METHODS: Eighteen patients who suffered from unilateral ICE syndrome with uncontrolled glaucoma and subsequently underwent Ahmed aqueous shunt surgery at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center between January 2008 and December 2016 were reviewed. Outcome measures included intraocular pressure (IOP), the use of glaucoma medications, visual acuity, further surgical interventions, and surgical complications. RESULTS: The mean IOP was reduced from 34.8 ± 10.6 mmHg on 3.6 ± 0.5 medications to 17.4 ± 4.9 mmHg (t = 6.791, P = 0.000) on 1.6 ± 1.1 medications (Z = -3.545, P = 0.000) at the last follow-up (42.0 ± 19.3 months). Five eyes (27.8%) achieved complete success, nine (50.0%) achieved qualified success, and the remaining four (22.2%) were considered failures. Survival was 94.4% at 1 year, 88.1% at 2 years, and 73.5% at 3 years. Four cases displayed a flat anterior chamber and were treated with a single anterior chamber reformation surgery with no recurrence. No other complications related to the glaucoma drainage implants occurred in this series. CONCLUSIONS: Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation appears to be a safe and effective method for treating glaucoma secondary to ICE syndrome. Postoperative shallow anterior chamber and hypotony may occur but responds well to the treatment. Early consideration may be given to aqueous shunt surgery in patients with glaucoma secondary to ICE syndrome when trabeculectomy fails.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, PR China.

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Classification: Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome (ICE, incl. irisatrophy) (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders > 9.4.2 Glaucomas associated with disorders of the cornea, conjunctiva, sclera)
12.8.2 With tube implant or other drainage devices (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment > 12.8 Filtering surgery)

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