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WGC-2021

Abstract #91229 Published in IGR 21-4

Aniridic glaucoma: An update

Muñoz-Negrete FJ; Teus MA; García-Feijoó J; Canut MI; Rebolleda G
Archivos de la Sociedad Espaņola de Oftalmologia 2021; 0:


Aniridia is a congenital bilateral ocular disorder with dominant autosomal inheritance. More than 50% of patients will develop aniridic glaucoma (AG) during their lives. Open angle glaucoma is more common in aniridia, but a closed angle mechanism has been described in relation with anterior rotation of the rudimentary iris, occluding trabecular meshwork. Diagnosis and follow-up of AG is difficult in relation with the presence of keratopathy, nystagmus and foveal hypoplasia. Central corneal thickness usually measures more than 600 microns, which prevents achieving a reliable value of intraocular pressure. Medical treatment of AG is not different from the rest of glaucoma. It is recommended to use preservative free formulations, and combined therapy is often required. Surgical treatment is needed in many cases. There is no consensus on the first line surgery for AG, but in open angle AG, angle surgery is usually first choice, and glaucoma drainage devices are the next preferred surgical technique. In closed angle AG glaucoma drainage devices are usually the first choice, with trabeculectomy as the second preferred surgical technique.

Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, IRYCIS, Madrid, España; Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, España; OFTARED. Electronic address: franciscojmunoz@telefonica.net.

Full article

Classification:

9.1.3 Syndromes of Axenfeld, Rieger, Peters, aniridia (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.1 Developmental glaucomas)



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