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WGC-2021

Abstract #91398 Published in IGR 21-4

Altered Iris Aquaporin Expression and Aqueous Humor Osmolality in Glaucoma

Huang OS; Seet LF; Ho HW; Chu SW; Narayanaswamy A; Perera SA; Husain R; Aung T; Wong TT
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 2021; 62: 34


PURPOSE: Aquaporins (AQPs) facilitate transmembrane osmotic water transport and may play a role in iris fluid conductivity, which is implicated in the pathophysiology of glaucoma. In this study, we compared the iris expression of AQPs and aqueous osmolality between primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and nonglaucoma eyes. METHODS: AQP1-5 transcripts from a cohort of 36 PACG, 34 POAG and 26 nonglaucoma irises were measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Osmolality of aqueous humor from another cohort of 49 PACG, 50 POAG, and 50 nonglaucoma eyes were measured using an osmometer. The localization of AQP1 in both glaucoma and nonglaucoma irises was determined by immunofluorescent analysis. RESULTS: Of the five AQP genes evaluated, AQP1 and AQP2 transcripts were significantly upregulated in both PACG (3.48- and 8.07-fold, respectively) and POAG (3.12- and 11.58-fold, respectively) irises relative to nonglaucoma counterparts. The aqueous osmolalities of PACG (303.68 mmol/kg) and POAG (300.79 mmol/kg) eyes were significantly lower compared to nonglaucoma eyes (312.6 mmol/kg). There was no significant difference in expression of AQP transcripts or aqueous osmolality between PACG and POAG eyes. CONCLUSIONS: PACG and POAG eyes featured significant increase in AQP1 and AQP2 expression in the iris and reduced aqueous osmolality compared to nonglaucoma eyes. These findings suggest that the iris may be involved in altered aqueous humor dynamics in glaucoma pathophysiology. Because PACG did not differ from POAG in both properties studied, it is likely that they are common to glaucoma disease in general.

Full article

Classification:

2.8 Iris (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)
3.5 Molecular biology incl. SiRNA (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)
2.6.3 Compostion (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma > 2.6 Aqueous humor dynamics)
3.7 Biochemistry (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)



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