Abstract #91515 Published in IGR 21-4

Association between Systemic Antioxidant Capacity and Retinal Vessel Diameters in Patients with Primary-Open Angle Glaucoma

Takayanagi Y; Takayanagi Y; Takai Y; Kaidzu S; Tanito M
Life (Basel, Switzerland) 2020; 10:

The retinal vessel narrowing may be implicated in the pathogenesis of glaucoma; however, the association between systemic oxidative stress and retinal vessel diameter remains largely unknown. We examined the relationship between serum oxidative stress markers and retinal vessel diameters in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and cataract, using central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE) and central retinal vein equivalent (CRVE). We included 66 eyes of 66 patients with POAG (37 men, 29 women; 65.4 ± 11.7 years) and 20 eyes of 20 patients with cataract (7 men, 13 women; 69.4 ± 9.0 years) as the controls. The CRAE ( < 0.0001), CRVE ( < 0.0001), and serum biological antioxidant potential (BAP) ( = 0.0419) were significantly lower in the POAG group compared to the controls. The BAP showed significant correlation both with CRAE ( = 0.2148, = 0.0471) and systolic blood pressure ( = -0.2431, = 0.0241), while neither Diacron reactive oxygen metabolites nor sulfhydryl test correlated with them. The multivariate analyses indicated that age, best corrected visual acuity, and BAP were independent factors for CRAE or CRVE. The present study suggested that lower systemic antioxidant capacity was significantly associated with the intraocular pressure-independent vascular narrowing in POAG patients. This study provided a novel insight into the pathophysiology of glaucoma and highlighted the clinical impact on systemic antioxidant treatment for patients with glaucoma.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo 693-8501, Japan.

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6.11 Bloodflow measurements (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods)
3.8 Pharmacology (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)

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