Abstract #91674 Published in IGR 21-4

Rho kinase inhibitors as new local therapy option in primary open angle glaucoma

Erb C; Konieczka K
Ophthalmologe 2021; 118: 449-460

BACKGROUND: In 2014 in Japan and 2017 in the USA, the Rho-kinase inhibitors were approved as a new antiglaucomatous substance group and will now be launched in Europe. OBJECTIVE: On this occasion the current state of knowledge on Rho-kinase inhibitors is presented. METHODS: In intensive search in PubMed the relevant experimental and clinical literature on the Rho-kinase inhibitors ripasudil and netarsudil and the combination of netarsudil and latanoprost were selected and compiled for this review. RESULTS: The intraocular pressure lowering efficacy of ripasudil and netarsudil is in the range of the beta blocker timolol and the prostaglandin analogue latanoprost. In the fixed combination netarsudil/latanoprost the intraocular pressure reduction is greater than that of the single components and reaches a target pressure of below 15 mm Hg in 32%. Conjunctival hyperemia with 53-65% is the most common local side effect. Systemic side effects are very rare and so far there are no contraindications. CONCLUSION: The Rho-kinase inhibitors are an interesting new introduction for glaucoma therapy, as each new pressure-lowering therapy represents an additional chance to reach the individually defined target pressure level in a glaucoma patient with local therapy; however, many of the pleiotropic effects associated with Rho-kinase inhibitors have so far only been found experimentally and will require clinical confirmation in the future.

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11.14 Investigational drugs; pharmacological experiments (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)

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