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Oculus

Abstract #91763 Published in IGR 21-4

Can Polyphenols in Eye Drops Be Useful for Trabecular Protection from Oxidative Damage?

Saccà SC; Izzotti A; Vernazza S; Tirendi S; Scarfì S; Gandolfi S; Bassi AM
Journal of clinical medicine 2020; 9:


Polyphenols, with anti-oxidant properties, counteract oxidative stress effects. Increasing evidence has found oxidative stressto be the main risk factor for trabecular meshwork (TM) damage, leading to high-tension glaucoma. Topical anti-oxidants could represent a new target for glaucoma treatment. Our aim is to investigate the protective mechanisms on a human TM culture of a patented polyphenol and fatty acid (iTRAB)formulation in response to oxidative stress using an advanced invitromodel consisting of 3D-human TM cells, embedded in a natural hydrogel, and a milli-scaled multi-organ device model for constantdynamic conditions. The 3D-human TM cells(3D-HTMCs) were treated daily with 500 µM HOor 500 µM HOand 0.15% iTRAB(m/v) for 72 h, and molecular differences in the intracellular reactive oxygen species (iROS), state of the cells, activation of the apoptosis pathway and NF-kB and the expression ofinflammatory and fibrotic markers wereanalyzed at different time-points.Concomitant exposure significantly reduced iROS and restored TM viability, iTRAB having a significant inhibitory effect on the apoptotic pathway, activation of NF-κB, induction of pro-inflammatory (IL-1α, IL-1ß and TNFα) and pro-fibrotic (TGFβ) cytokines and the matrix metalloproteinase expressions. It is clear that this specific anti-oxidant provides a valid TM protection, suggesting iTRAB could be an adjuvant therapy in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Ophthalmology Unit, IRCCS, San Martino General Hospital, 16132 Genoa, Italy.

Full article

Classification:

2.5.1 Trabecular meshwork (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma > 2.5 Meshwork)
3.9 Pathophysiology (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)
3.8 Pharmacology (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)



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