Abstract #95563 Published in IGR 22-3

Optical coherence tomographic angiography study of perfusion recovery after surgical lowering of intraocular pressure

Liu L; Takusagawa HL; Greenwald MF; Wang J; Alonzo B; Edmunds B; Morrison JC; Tan O; Jia Y; Huang D
Scientific reports 2021; 11: 17251

See also comment(s) by Min Hee Suh

We investigated the time and location of retinal perfusion recovery after surgical intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering in glaucoma by using optical coherent tomography angiography (OCTA). Seventeen patients were analyzed. The 4.5 × 4.5-mm OCTA scans centered on the disc were performed preoperatively and postoperatively at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. The peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (NFL) thickness, NFL plexus capillary density (NFLP-CD) and visual field (VF) were measured overall and in 8 corresponding sectors. The low-perfusion area (LPA) was used to assess the cumulative area where local NFLP-CD was significantly below normal. At 6 months, the average IOP decreased 5.3 mmHg (P = 0.004), LPA decreased by 15% (P = 0.005), and NFLP-CD improved by 12% (P < 0.001). The NFL thickness and VF mean deviation didn't change significantly at any time point. Among the sectors with significant preoperative NFLP-CD loss, the recovery at 6 months was greatest in sectors with minimal preoperative NFL thinning (P < 0.001). In conclusion, surgical IOP lowering may improve NFLP capillary perfusion after 6 months. The perfusion recovery tended to occur in areas with minimal NFL thinning at baseline. OCTA parameters may have potential usefulness as pharmacodynamic biomarkers for glaucoma therapy.

Casey Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Oregon Health and Science University, 515 SW Campus Drive, Portland, OR, 97239-4197, USA.

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