Abstract #96062 Published in IGR 22-3

Hierarchical Censored Bayesian Analysis of Visual Field Progression

Montesano G; Garway-Heath DF; Ometto G; Crabb DP
Translational vision science & technology 2021; 10: 4

See also comment(s) by Chris Johnson

PURPOSE: To develop a Bayesian model (BM) for visual field (VF) progression accounting for the hierarchical, censored and heteroskedastic nature of the data. METHODS: Three versions of a hierarchical BM were developed: a simple linear (Hi-linear); censored at 0 dB (Hi-censored); heteroskedastic censored (Hi-HSK). For the latter, we modeled the test variability according to VF sensitivity using a large test-retest cohort (1396 VFs, 146 eyes with glaucoma). We analyzed a large cohort of 44,371 VF tests from 3352 eyes from five glaucoma clinics. We quantified the bias in the estimated rate-of-progression, the detection of progression (Hit-rate [HR]), the median time-to-progression and the prediction error of future observations (mean absolute error [MAE]). HR and time-to-progression were compared at matched false-positive-rate (FPR), quantified using permutations of a separate test-retest cohort (360 tests, 30 eyes with glaucoma). BMs were compared to simple linear regression and Permutation-Analyses-of Pointwise-Linear-Regression. Differences in time-to-progression were tested using survival analysis. RESULTS: Censored models showed the smallest bias in the rate-of-progression. The three BMs performed very similarly in terms of HR and time-to-progression and always better than the other methods. The average reduction in time-to-progression was 37% with the BMs (P < 0.001) at 5% FPR. MAE for prediction was very similar among methods. CONCLUSIONS: Bayesian hierarchical models improved the detection of VF progression. Accounting for censoring improves the precision of the estimates, but minimal effect is provided by accounting for heteroskedasticity. TRANSLATIONAL RELEVANCE: These results are relevant for quantification of VF progression in practice and for clinical trials.

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