WGA Rescources

Abstract #96490 Published in IGR 22-3

Ocular Biometric Risk Factors for Progression of Primary Angle Closure Disease: The Zhongshan Angle Closure Prevention Trial

Xu BY; Friedman DS; Foster PJ; Jiang Y; Porporato N; Pardeshi AA; Munoz B; Aung T; He M
Ophthalmology 2021; 0:

See also comment(s) by Victor Koh & Tec Kuan Paul Chew

PURPOSE: To assess baseline ocular biometric risk factors for progression from primary angle closure suspect (PACS) to primary angle closure (PAC) or acute angle closure (AAC). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred forty-three mainland Chinese with untreated PACS. METHODS: Participants underwent baseline clinical examinations, including gonioscopy, anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT) imaging, and A-scan ultrasound biometry as part of the Zhongshan Angle Closure Prevention (ZAP) Trial. Primary angle closure suspect was defined as an inability to visualize pigmented trabecular meshwork in 2 or more quadrants based on static gonioscopy. Primary angle closure was defined as development of intraocular pressure above 24 mmHg or peripheral anterior synechiae. Progression was defined as development of PAC or an AAC attack. Multivariable logistic regression models were developed to assess biometric risk factors for progression. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Six-year progression from PACS to PAC or AAC. RESULTS: Six hundred forty-three untreated eyes (609 nonprogressors, 34 progressors) of 643 participants were analyzed. In a multivariable model with continuous parameters, narrower horizontal angle opening distance of 500 μm from the scleral spur (AOD; odds ratio [OR], 1.10 per 0.01-mm decrease; P = 0.03), flatter horizontal iris curvature (IC; OR, 1.96 per 0.1-mm decrease; P = 0.01), and older age (OR, 1.11 per 1-year increase; P = 0.01) at baseline were associated significantly with progression (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC], 0.73). Smaller cumulative gonioscopy score was not associated with progression (OR, 1.03 per 1-modified Shaffer grade decrease; P = 0.85) when replacing horizontal AOD in the multivariable model. In a separate multivariable model with categorical parameters, participants in the lowest quartile of horizontal AOD (OR, 3.10; P = 0.002) and IC (OR, 2.48; P = 0.014) measurements and 59 years of age or older (OR, 2.68; P = 0.01) at baseline showed higher odds of progression (AUC, 0.72). CONCLUSIONS: Ocular biometric measurements can help to risk-stratify patients with early angle closure for more severe disease. Anterior segment OCT measurements of biometric parameters describing the angle and iris are predictive of progression from PACS to PAC or AAC, whereas gonioscopy grades are not.

Roski Eye Institute, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:

Full article


15 Miscellaneous

Issue 22-3

Change Issue