PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of and identify the factors that influence the artifacts of swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) in glaucomatous and normal eyes. METHODS: Artifacts of OCTA images of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and normal subjects were analyzed using SS-OCTA. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association of age, sex, best-corrected visual acuity, axial length (AL), intraocular pressure, presence and severity of OAG, and image quality score (IQS) with the presence of artifacts. RESULTS: Images from 4426 subjects were included in the study. At least one type of artifact was present in 24.54% of the images. The most common artifacts were occurrence of motion (705 eyes, 15.93%), followed by defocus (628 eyes, 14.19%), decentration (134 eyes, 3.03%), masking (62 eyes,1.40%), and segmentation errors (23 eyes, 0.52%). Multivariate logistic analyses showed that the presence of OAG (odds ratio [OR] = 2.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.09-3.51; P < 0.001), female sex (OR = 1.34; 95% CI, 1.12-1.61; P = 0.001), longer AL (OR = 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02-1.17; P = 0.017), and IQS < 40 (OR = 3.75; 95% CI, 3.15-4.48; P < 0.001) were significantly associated with higher odds for the presence of any artifact. The IQS had poor performance for detecting artifacts, with an area under the curve of 0.723, sensitivity of 73.04%, and specificity of 62.53%. CONCLUSIONS: OAG eyes had more SS-OCTA image artifacts than normal eyes. IQS is an imperfect tool for identifying artifacts. TRANSLATIONAL RELEVANCE: Special attention should be paid to the effect of artifacts when using SS-OCTA in the clinical setting to assess vascular parameters in patients with glaucoma.
State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.Full article