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Abstract #98625 Published in IGR 22-4

Improved clinical outcomes in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis associated uveitis in the last decade

Wennink RAW; Kalinina Ayuso V; Pameijer EM; Dekkers CC; Bozkir I; de Boer JH
Acta Ophthalmologica 2022; 0:

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to analyse the development of ocular complications and visual prognosis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis associated uveitis (JIA-uveitis) compared to the previous decade in the light of new treatment guidelines. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort, 143 patients with JIA-uveitis were stratified into two cohorts based on the year of diagnosis of uveitis, <2010 (n = 61) and ≥2010 (n = 82). Development of ocular complications and visual outcomes were analysed by univariate and multivariate methods. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids and immunomodifying medication (IMT) were documented. RESULTS: In total, 109 and 133 affected eyes, respectively, for cohort 1 (<2010) and cohort 2 (≥2010) were included for analysis. In the multivariate analysis with correction for paired eyes, patients in cohort 1 were at higher risk for cataract surgery (p = 0.03) and secondary glaucoma (p = 5.15 × 10 ). Also, the number of eyes that were legally blind and visually impaired at 5 years of follow-up was significantly higher in cohort 1 (7% versus 2% and 8% versus 0%, p = 0.01 respectively). The number of patients that started IMT was significantly higher in cohort 2 (57% versus 98%, p = 2.17 × 10 ). In cohort 2, both methotrexate and anti-TNF-α therapy were prescribed earlier in the disease course (1.41 versus 0.05 years, p = 8.31 × 10 and 6.07 versus 1.84 years, p = 5.14 × 10 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of JIA-uveitis has improved during the last decade. There is a reduction in the number of cataract surgeries and secondary glaucoma and fewer patients lose their vision parallel with earlier access to tertiary care and earlier introduction of IMT.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

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