Abstract #98779 Published in IGR 22-4

Prospective Pilot Clinical Study of Noninvasive Cerebrovascular Autoregulation Monitoring in Open-Angle Glaucoma Patients and Healthy Subjects

Hamarat Y; Deimantavicius M; Dambrauskas V; Labunskas V; Putnynaite V; Lucinskas P; Siaudvytyte L; Simiene E; Stoskuviene A; Januleviciene I; Petkus V; Ragauskas A
Translational vision science & technology 2022; 11: 17

See also comment(s) by Alon Harris

PURPOSE: To analyze the cerebrovascular autoregulation (CA) dynamics in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and high-tension glaucoma (HTG) as well as healthy subjects using noninvasive ultrasound technologies for the first time. METHODS: The CA status of 10 patients with NTG, 8 patients with HTG, and 10 healthy subjects was assessed, using an innovative noninvasive ultrasonic technique, based on intracranial blood volume slow-wave measurements. Identified in each participant were intraocular pressure, ocular perfusion pressure, and CA-related parameter volumetric reactivity index (VRx), as well as the duration and doses of the longest cerebral autoregulation impairment (LCAI). In addition, we calculated the associations of these parameters with patients' diagnoses. RESULTS: The VRx value, the LCAI dose, and duration in healthy subjects were significantly lower than in patients with NTG (P < 0.05). However, no significant differences were noted in these parameters between healthy subjects and HTG and between NTG and HTG groups. CONCLUSIONS: NTG is associated with the disturbed cerebral blood flow and could be diagnosed by performing noninvasive CA assessments. TRANSLATIONAL RELEVANCE: The VRx monitoring method can be applied to a wider range of patient groups, especially patients with normal-tension glaucoma.

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