Abstract #84094 Published in IGR 21-1

Modified Goldmann prism intraocular pressure measurement accuracy and correlation to corneal biomechanical metrics: multicentre randomised clinical trial

McCafferty SJ; Tetrault K; McColgin A; Chue W; Levine J; Muller M
British Journal of Ophthalmology 2019; 103: 1840-1844

PURPOSE: Clinically evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements taken with a Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) prism and a modified surface Goldmann prism examining measurement differences correlated to central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal hysteresis (CH) values. DESIGN: Prospective, open-label, randomised, controlled, multicentre reference device accuracy analysis. METHODS: A GAT and a modified surface GAT prism measured IOP on 243 unique eyes. The study design and methodology complied with International Standard Organization (ISO) tonometer evaluation guidelines, except the inclusion of thin (<500 µm) and thick (>600 µm) corneas. All eyes were randomised to IOP measurement by one of five standard Goldmann prisms and five modified prisms. Pressures were measured by six investigators, two times with each prism for a total of 1936 IOP measurements. Analysis included a multiple linear regression including CCT and CH correlation. RESULTS: The difference in IOP measurements of the standard and modified Goldmann prisms correlated well to CCT particularly in thin (<500 µm) and thick (>600 µm) corneas (R=0.404, p=0.007). Corneal hysteresis (CH) also significantly correlated to the difference in prism measurements (R=0.125, p=0.039). There was no significant overall mean IOP bias between the two prisms (+0.43 mm Hg in modified, p=0.19). DISCUSSION: The paired IOP measurement difference between GAT and a modified surface Goldmann replacement prism indicated a statistically significant correlation to CCT and CH. A simple modified replacement prism for any Goldmann-type tonometer may significantly improve IOP measurement accuracy by minimising corneal biomechanical errors associated with CCT and CH. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02990169 and NCT02989909.

Arizona Eye Consultants, Tucson, Arizona, USA

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6.1.1 Devices, techniques (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.1 Intraocular pressure measurement; factors affecting IOP)
2.2 Cornea (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)

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