PURPOSE: Blue-yellow visual-evoked potentials (BY-VEPs) may be used for diagnostics of functional ganglion cell damage in glaucoma and other ocular diseases. In this study we investigated the impact of lenticular opacities on BY- and standard pattern reversal VEPs by examining patients before and after cataract surgery. METHODS: Eighteen patients with moderate cataract were included in a prospective study. Transient on/off isoluminant blue-yellow 2° checks were used for short-wavelength stimulation (BY-VEP), transient large 1° (M1) and small 0.25° (M2) black-white checks for standard pattern reversal VEPs. VEPs were acquired before (24 ± 30 days) and after cataract surgery (14 ± 16 days). The contralateral eye was used as a control. RESULTS: Amplitude and latency of M1 and M2 peaks did not change significantly from before to after surgery. The amplitude of the BY-VEPs did not change significantly after cataract surgery (pre-surgery, -7.42 ± 3.43 μV, post-surgery, -7.93 ± 3.65 μV, p = 0.42), yet the latency of the main negative peak showed a significant decrease (pre-surgery, 143.9 ± 12.9 ms, post-surgery, 133.2 ± 7.7 ms, p = 0.0006). The BCVA improvement was significant from before to after cataract surgery (pre-surgery, 0.344 ± 0.125 LogMAR, post-surgery, 0.224 ± 0.179 LogMAR, p = 0.013) yet not correlated to the absolute decrease in latency of the BY-VEP after surgery (r = 0.309, p = 0.22). No significant changes were found in the contralateral eye. CONCLUSIONS: The BY-VEP is sensitive to lenticular opacities of the human lens, presumably due to the increased short-wavelength absorption in the aging eye. This fact should be considered when applying BY-VEPs for diagnostics.
Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany, email@example.com.Full article
12.12.3 Phacoemulsification (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment > 12.12 Cataract extraction)
6.6.3 Special methods (e.g. color, contrast, SWAP etc.) (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.6 Visual field examination and other visual function tests)
6.6.2 Automated (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.6 Visual field examination and other visual function tests)