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WGC-2021

Abstract #92562 Published in IGR 22-1

Effect of variations of corneal physiology on novel non-invasive intraocular pressure monitoring soft contact lens

Campigotto A; Ralhan A; Helgason R; Campbell RJ; Lai Y
Biomedical Microdevices 2021; 23: 16


Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness around the world. With its slow asymptomatic progression, there is an emphasis on early detection and frequent monitoring. A novel microfluidic contact lens has been established as a potential way to track the fluctuations of the intraocular pressure (IOP) which is a key indicator for diagnosing and monitoring glaucoma progression. The purpose of this article is to determine the effect of physiological variations of the eye on the performance of the microfluidic contact lens. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) was used to measure the central corneal thickness (CCT) and radius of corneal curvature (RCC) for a series of 16 fresh enucleated porcine eyes. The effect of these corneal anatomic features on device performance was then assessed by systematically adjusting intraocular pressure from 10 to 34 mmHg and monitoring the device indicator response. The performance of the microfluidic contact lens was determined by finding the amount the indicator fluid shifted in position as a result of 1 mmHg IOP increase. The relationship between IOP and indicator fluid was found to be linear for all eyes. The slope of the indicator fluid movement as a result of the IOP was evaluated against the CCT and RCC of each porcine eye. This yielded low correlation coefficients, 0.057 for CCT and 0.024 for RCC, meaning that these physiological differences showed no systematic impact on the measurements made with the contact lens.

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Full article

Classification:

6.1.1 Devices, techniques (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.1 Intraocular pressure measurement; factors affecting IOP)
8.3 Contact lenses (Part of: 8 Refractive errors in relation to glaucoma)
2.2 Cornea (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)



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