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Abstract #107557 Published in IGR 23-4

Comparison of Mid-Term Outcomes between Microhook ab Interno Trabeculotomy and Goniotomy with the Kahook Dual Blade

Okada N; Hirooka K; Onoe H; Okumichi H; Kiuchi Y
Journal of clinical medicine 2023; 12:

See also comment(s) by Ronald Fellman & Davinder S. Grover

This study retrospectively examined the mid-term surgical outcomes between microhook ab interno trabeculotomy (μLOT) and goniotomy when one was using the Kahook Dual Blade (KDB) in combination with phacoemulsification in primary open-angle glaucoma and exfoliation glaucoma patients. Between December 2016 and December 2020, the current study examined 47 μLOT and 52 KDB eyes that underwent surgery. When there was a < 20% reduction in the preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) or when the IOP was > 18 mmHg (criterion A), the IOP was > 14 mmHg (criterion B) at two consecutive follow-up visits, or when there was a requirement for reoperation, these were all considered to indicate that the surgery failed. A genetic algorithm that used the preoperative IOP was used to determine the score matching. After score matching, a total of 27 eyes were evaluated. In the μLOT and KDB groups, the mean postoperative follow-up periods were 31.2 ± 13.3 and 37.2 ± 16.3 months, respectively. The results for both of the groups show there were significant postoperative reductions in the IOP (p < 0.05) and medication scores (p < 0.05) at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. At 12, 24, and 36 months, the probabilities of success in the μLOT and KDB groups for criterion A were 70.4% and 48.2%, 61.9% and 48.2%, and 55.0% and 48.2% (p = 0.32; log-rank test), respectively. For criterion B, the results for the two groups were 55.6% and 33.3%, 44.4% and 33.3%, and 44.4% and 33.3% (p = 0.15; log-rank test), respectively. Similar postoperative complications were found between the groups. Comparable mid-term surgical outcomes were found for the uses of μLOT and KDB.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

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