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Abstract #107957 Published in IGR 23-4

24-Hour Monitoring of Intraocular Pressure Fluctuations Using a Contact Lens Sensor: Diagnostic Performance for Glaucoma Progression

Gaboriau T; Dubois R; Foucque B; Malet F; Schweitzer C
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 2023; 64: 3

See also comment(s) by Arthur Sit


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare 24-hour intraocular pressure (IOP) related fluctuations monitoring between 2 groups of visual field progression rates in patients with open angle glaucoma (OAG). METHODS: Cross-sectional study performed at Bordeaux University Hospital. Twenty-four-hour monitoring was performed using a contact lens sensor (CLS; Triggerfish; SENSIMED, Etagnières, Switzerland). Progression rate was calculated using a linear regression of the mean deviation (MD) parameter of the visual field test (Octopus; HAAG-STREIT, Switzerland). Patients were allocated into two groups: group 1 with an MD progression rate <-0.5 dB/year and group 2 with an MD progression rate ≥-0.5 dB/year. An automatic signal-processing program was developed and a frequency filtering of the monitoring by wavelet transform analysis was used to compare the output signal between the two groups. A multivariate classifier was performed for prediction of the faster progression group. RESULTS: Fifty-four eyes of 54 patients were included. The mean progression rate was -1.09 ± 0.60 dB/year in group 1 (n = 22) and -0.12 ± 0.13 dB/year in group 2 (n = 32). Twenty-four-hour magnitude and absolute area under the monitoring curve were significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (group 1: 343.1 ± 62.3 millivolts [mVs] and 8.28 ± 2.10 mVs, respectively, group 2: 274.0 ± 75.0 mV and 6.82 ± 2.70 mVs respectively, P < 0.05). Magnitude and area under the wavelet curve for short frequency periods ranging from 60 to 220 minutes were also significantly higher in group 1 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The 24-hour IOP related fluctuations characteristics, as assessed by a CLS, may act as a risk factor for progression in OAG. In association with other predictive factors of glaucoma progression, the CLS may help adjust treatment strategy earlier.

CHU Bordeaux, Department of Ophthalmology, Bordeaux, France.

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15 Miscellaneous



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