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HaagStreit

Abstract #79135 Published in IGR 20-1

Anterior segment Scheimpflug imaging for detecting primary angle closure disease

Winegarner A; Miki A; Kumoi M; Ishida Y; Wakabayashi T; Sakimoto S; Usui S; Matsushita K; Nishida K
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2019; 257: 161-167


PURPOSE: To evaluate the capability of anterior segment Scheimpflug imaging for detecting primary angle closure disease (PACD): primary angle closure suspect, primary angle closure, and primary angle closure glaucoma, using cutoff points derived from reference databases of healthy subjects. METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with PACD and 49 age-matched control subjects were included. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), and anterior chamber angle (ACA) to differentiate patients with PACD from controls. Additionally, the study's raw data was analyzed via receiver operating characteristic curves for comparison. RESULTS: One standard deviation from the normative data's mean values was used as the cutoff point and yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 96.2% and 92.6% for ACD, 97.1% and 75.9% for ACV, and 93.3% and 72.2% for ACA, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of the raw data showed the area under the curve to be 0.984, 0.975, and 0.931 for ACD, ACV, and ACA, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that the parameters of anterior segment Scheimpflug imaging, particularly ACD, accurately discriminate PACD. This was the first study to validate the device's normative data in a separate population. With its high reproducibility, ease of use, non-invasiveness, and speed, anterior segment Scheimpflug imaging is a potentially powerful screening tool for PACD.

Full article

Classification:

9.3.5 Primary angle closure (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.3 Primary angle closure glaucomas)
6.8.1 Anterior segment (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.8 Photography)



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