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Oculus

Abstract #81846 Published in IGR 20-4

Efficacy of Goniotomy With Kahook Dual Blade in Patients With Uveitis-associated Ocular Hypertension

Miller VJ; Young CEC; Soohoo JR; Seibold LK; Kahook MY; Pecen PE; Pecen PE; Palestine AG; Pantcheva MB
Journal of Glaucoma 2019; 28: 744-748


PRECIS: In a small case series of patients with uveitis-associated ocular hypertension (OHTN) or glaucoma, goniotomy with Kahook Dual Blade (KDB) was an effective surgical treatment option for lowering intraocular pressure (IOP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to review the success of goniotomy using the KDB with trabecular meshwork (TM) excision in lowering the IOP of patients with uveitis-associated OHTN or glaucoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was completed for all patients with uveitis-associated OHTN or glaucoma who underwent KDB goniotomy with TM excision alone or in combination with phacoemulsification cataract surgery at a single institution. The study included 12 patients (16 eyes). Patients were followed for a minimum of 5 months postoperatively. The main outcome measures of this case series included postoperative IOPs, percent IOP reduction, and reduction of glaucoma medications. RESULTS: The mean maximum IOP of the patients before maximum-tolerated medical therapy or surgery was 35.6±5.8 mm Hg. The mean preoperative IOP at the clinical office visit before surgery of these patients was 28.1±8.5 mm Hg on maximum-tolerated medical therapy. Ten eyes (62.5%) have maintained an IOP at or below their goal through their most recent follow-up visit (mean follow-up time of 9.6±5.6 mo). The mean number of glaucoma medications was significantly reduced from 3.6±0.9 medications to 2.1±1.7 medications, for a mean reduction of 1.5±1.4 medications (P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of this small case series, KDB goniotomy may be a safe, less invasive, and effective first-line surgical alternative for patients with uveitis-associated OHTN or glaucoma refractory to medical therapy.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.

Full article

Classification:

9.4.6 Glaucomas associated with inflammation, uveitis (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders)
12.9 Trabeculotomy, goniotomy (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment)



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