Abstract #82300 Published in IGR 20-4

Effect of Long-term Oral Steroids on Intraocular Pressure in Children With Autoimmune Hepatitis: a Prospective Cohort Study

Prasad D; Poddar U; Kanaujia V; Yachha SK; Srivastava A
Journal of Glaucoma 2019; 28: 929-933

OBJECTIVE: Topical corticosteroids are known to cause raised intraocular pressure (IOP). However, there is a scarcity of literature regarding systemic steroids-induced raised IOP in children. The authors aimed to evaluate the IOP in children with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) receiving oral prednisone. METHODS: In this prospective study, children (1 to 18 y) with newly diagnosed AIH who received oral prednisone (July 2016 to December 2017) were included. Comprehensive ophthalmic check-up, including visual acuity, IOP, slit-lamp, and fundus examinations were done before and at 1, 3, and 6 months of follow-up. IOP ≥20 mm Hg was considered raised IOP. Symptomatic raised IOP patients were managed with antiglaucoma medication with a tapering dose of prednisone. RESULTS: A total of 33 children (19 boys) with a median age of 11 (3 to 18) years were analyzed. Raised IOP was observed in 20 (61%) children (19 were moderate and 1 was high responder) at 1 month, 8 (24%) at 3 months, and 1 (3%) at 6 months of treatment. Patients who developed raised IOP had a more severe liver disease in terms of decompensation and low albumin and high pediatric end-stage liver disease scores at presentation. There was no correlation between IOP and starting and cumulative dose of steroids. On multivariate analysis, decompensation at presentation was significantly associated with raised IOP (P<0.001; odds ratio, 30; 95% confidence interval, 4.2-210.6). Raised IOP returned to normal with antiglaucoma medication along with prednisone tapering in all except one. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic corticosteroids in children with AIH carry a risk for IOP elevation, especially in decompensated liver disease. A periodic ophthalmic check-up is necessary for early recognition and intervention before irreversible vision loss.

Departments of Pediatric Gastroenterology.

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9.4.1 Steroid-induced glaucoma (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders)
9.1.2 Juvenile glaucoma (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.1 Developmental glaucomas)

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