PURPOSE: To conduct a qualitative description of corneal and glaucoma outcomes in Peters anomaly. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Children with Peters anomaly who presented between 1982-2017 were included. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), survival of corneal grafts, and success of glaucoma surgery (defined as IOP of 5-20 mm Hg and no additional IOP-lowering surgery or visually devastating complications) were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty-eight eyes of 37 patients (19 males) with Peters anomaly presented at 0.7 ± 1.5 years of age and had a follow-up of 10.2 ± 10.8 years. Twenty-three eyes underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) with an average of 2.0 ± 1.3 grafts per eye. PKP survival at 1 year was 60% (95% confidence interval 41-75%) but decreased at 10 years to 34% (95% confidence interval 18-51%). Thirty-four eyes were diagnosed with glaucoma at 2.8 ± 6.4 years of age. Twenty eyes required glaucoma surgery, and the average number of IOP-lowering surgeries was 2.9 ± 2.0 per eye. Glaucoma drainage devices (15 eyes) had a 53% success rate. Laser cycloablation (9 eyes, transcleral or endoscopic) had a success rate of 67% with 2.0 ± 1.0 treatments per eye. Trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (8 eyes) and trabeculotomy (8 eyes) had 25% and 0% success rates, respectively. Fifteen eyes that underwent glaucoma surgery obtained IOP control, and GDD with or without cycloablation accounted for 80% of the successes. Eyes that underwent PKP did not show increased rates of glaucoma, higher IOP, or a greater necessity for IOP-lowering surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In Peters anomaly, PKP shows poor long-term success. In addition, >50% of eyes with Peters anomaly have secondary glaucoma that often requires multiple surgeries.
Abrahamson Pediatric Eye Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.