PURPOSE: Both trabeculotomy (TE) as well as transscleral endodiode laser cyclophotocoagulation (CPC) are common approaches in glaucoma surgery. The purpose of this study was to perform an intraindividual comparison of these procedures carried out by the same surgeon in the same patient on the same day. METHODS: An observational monocentric retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with a bilateral refractory open-angle glaucoma who underwent trabeculectomy in one eye and transscleral endodiode laser cyclophotocoagulation in the fellow eye simultaneously were included and followed up with over the course of 1 year. RESULTS: Eighty-two eyes of 41 patients were included. Seventeen patients (41.5%) were men and 24 (58.5%) women. The mean age was 68.7 ± 9.5 years. The diagnosis comprised 33 (80.5%) patients with a primary open-angle glaucoma, five (12.2%) patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, and three (7.3%) patients with pigment dispersion glaucoma. A reduction in intraocular pressure (IOP) was seen in both after TE (from 26.2 ± 13.2 to 10.6 ± 4.1 mmHg, 52 weeks post-treatment) as well as CPC (from 24.2 ± 9.9 to 15.0 ± 5.4 mmHg, 52 weeks post-treatment). In comparison to each other, TE was significantly more effective in lowering the IOP (10.6 ± 4.1 vs. 13.4 ± 5.0; p = 0.0030, 52 weeks post-treatment) and needed antiglaucomatous medications (0.45 ± 0.80 vs. 1.24 ± 1.13; p = 0.0009, 52 weeks post-treatment). Consistently, the achievement rate of an IOP ≤ 16 mmHg without antiglaucomatous medications was significantly higher in TE-treated eyes (65.8% vs. 31.6%; p = 0.0019). Re-interventions, including 10 secondary TEs, were commonly required in those eyes undergoing CPC, especially in younger patients. CONCLUSIONS: Trabeculectomy was demonstrated to be more effective in reducing IOP in comparison to fellow eyes receiving CPC. In particular, in younger patients, an additional TE in the CPC-treated eyes was necessary. The outcome of those secondary TEs however was comparable to the primarily performed TEs. Our study thus supports the use of CPC as tool to control IOP, especially in the context of bilateral refractive glaucoma.
Department of Ophthalmology, Philipps-University Marburg, Baldingerstraße, 35043, Marburg, Germany. email@example.com.