To analyze the difference among expression of aqueous humor proteins in acute primary angle-closure glaucoma (APACG). Case-control study. The patients with APACG combined cataract (APACG with cataract group) and patients with cataract (cataract group), who had undertaken surgical treatment at the Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital from October 2016 to June2017 were collected. Upon receipt of patient's consent, 50 μl of aqueous humor were collected with 1 ml syringe and No.1 needle through the surgical access during the surgery, and then injected into a sterile collection tube to be stored at -80 ℃. Those proteins extracted from aqueous humor were analyzed by quantitative proteomic mass spectrometry. The differential significance test was performed by Maxquant significances A approach. The differential proteins of the two groups were screened and determined with the conditions of 0.05 and difference multiple>2. The functions and signal pathway of differential proteins in aqueous humor were annotated in biological big data, on the basis gene ontology (GO) and the Kyoto gene and genomic encyclopedia (KEGG) analyses. There were 3 males and 7 females with an average age of (68±6) years in the APACG group. The cataract group included 2 males and 8 females with an average age of (71±8) years. There were no statistical differences in gender ratio and age between the two groups (both 0.05). A total of 91 differential proteins were detected in this experiment, including 50 up-regulated proteins (annexinA1, vimentin, S100 calcium binding protein A8, interleukin 6, C reactive protein, laminin β2, etc.) and 41 down-regulated (keratin 85, γ-crystallin D, syntaxin-binding protein 5, semaphoring 4B, matrilin 2, cathepsin O, cadherin 4, semaphoring 3B, platelet-derived growth factor D, transforming growth factor β, etc.). On one hand, the functions of differential proteins involved in many aspects. AnnexinA1, CD163, S100 calcium-binding protein A8, C reactive protein, interleukin 6 are involved in the inflammatory reaction, cadherin 4 and laminin β2 regulate cell adhesion, matrilin 2, vimentin and laminin β2 participate in tissue fibrosis; on the other hand, KEGG analysis showed that the differential proteins participate diverse signaling pathways such as phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-protein kinase B signaling pathway, transformation growth factor β signaling pathway, mitogen activated protein kinase signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, the nuclear factor κ-light chain enhancer of the activated B cells signaling pathway, focal adhension and extracellular matrix receptor interaction pathway and so on. The expression of annexin A1 is significantly up-regulated in the aqueous humor in APACG, while some other factors such as transformation growth factor β, cadherin-4, and matrilin 2 are down-regulated. The change of proteins in aqueous humor is related with the outbreak of APACG.
Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin 300384, China.Full article
9.3.1 Acute primary angle closure glaucoma (pupillary block) (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.3 Primary angle closure glaucomas)
3.12 Proteomics (Part of: 3 Laboratory methods)
2.6.3 Compostion (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma > 2.6 Aqueous humor dynamics)