AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the reliability of macular microvasculature measurements in normal subjects by Heidelberg Spectralis II optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in combination with a newly made software. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 23 eyes of 23 persons from the Erlangen Glaucoma Registry (ISSN 2191-5008, CS-2011; NTC00494923). The subjects underwent a complete clinical, standardized ophthalmologic examination to rule out any eye disease. En face OCT-A imaging was done using Heidelberg Spectralis II OCT (Heidelberg, Germany). Images were recorded with a 15 × 15° angle and a lateral resolution of 5.7 µm/pixel, resulting in a retinal section of 2.9 × 2.9 mm. The Erlangen-Angio-Tool (EA-Tool) OCT-A application performed multiple segmentations, allowing analysis of the vessel density in 12 segments. The software was coded in MATLAB. Macular data on the superficial vascular plexus (SVP), intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were exported into the application and analyzed separately. The EA-Tool calculated the percentage of "white area" in the "total area" of the region of interest, called vessel density. Foveolar avascular zones (FAZs) of the SVP, ICP, and DCP were calculated manually. To investigate the reproducibility of the new software, individual scans (SVP, ICP, and DCP) were analyzed twice with the EA-Tool and intraclass coefficients (ICCs) of the vessel density values were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS version 21.0. RESULTS: The mean vessel density of the SVP ranged between 30.4 and 33.5, that of the ICP between 20.9 and 24.7, and that of the DCP between 23.5 and 27.6. Bland-Altman plots showed a good reliability of two consecutive scans of each sector (S1-S12) in the SVP, ICP, and DCP. Testing reproducibility, no statistically significantly different sectorial coefficients of variation of the SVP, ICP, and DCP were observed (p > 0.05). The mean FAZ area of the SVP was 0.43 ± 0.16 mm2, that of the ICP 0.28 ± 0.1 mm2, and that of the DCP 0.44 ± 0.12 mm2. CONCLUSIONS: Spectralis OCT II, in combination with the semiautomated vessel density software EA-Tool, showed good or even excellent ICCs in 75% of all segments of the SVP, ICP, and DCP. The ICCs for the FAZ area in the SVP, ICP, and DCP were excellent.
Department of Ophthalmology, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.Full article
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