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WGC-2021

Abstract #82487 Published in IGR 20-4

Relationship between preoperative high intraocular pressure and retinal nerve fibre layer thinning after glaucoma surgery

Kim WJ; Kim KN; Sung JY; Kim JY; Kim CS
Scientific reports 2019; 9: 13901


Recent reports show varying results regarding peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness after intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering glaucoma surgery. We hypothesised that different levels of the preoperative IOP influence RNFL thickness. A total of 60 patients (60 eyes) with glaucoma, who underwent glaucoma surgery and had a stable postoperative mean IOP < 22 mmHg, were enrolled. The RNFL thickness was measured using spectral domain optical coherence tomography, before and at 3-6 months after surgery. The preoperative peak IOP, 37.4 ± 10.8 mmHg, decreased to a postoperative mean IOP of 14.8 ± 3.5 mmHg (p < 0.001). The average RNFL thickness was significantly reduced from 75.6 ± 17.7 μm to 70.2 ± 15.8 μm (p < 0.001). In subgroup analyses, only patients with a preoperative peak IOP ≥ median value (37 mmHg) exhibited significant RNFL thinning (9.7 ± 6.6 μm, p < 0.001) associated with a higher preoperative peak IOP (r = 0.475, p = 0.008). The RNFL thinning was evident for a few months after glaucoma surgery in patients with a higher preoperative peak IOP, although the postoperative IOP was stable.

Full article

Classification:

13.1 Prognostic factors (Part of: 13 Therapeutic prognosis and outcome)
6.9.2.2 Posterior (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.9 Computerized image analysis > 6.9.2 Optical coherence tomography)
2.13 Retina and retinal nerve fibre layer (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)



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