Abstract #82539 Published in IGR 20-4

Cataract surgery reduces intraocular pressure but not posture-induced intraocular pressure changes in patients with angle-closure glaucoma

Chang PY; Wang JK; Weng HY; Chang SW
Scientific reports 2019; 9: 14116

Cataract surgery leads to a sustained decrease in sitting intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with angle-closure glaucoma (ACG). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether cataract surgery can also reduce postural IOP changes. We prospectively examined 106 eyes from 53 patients with narrow angles scheduled for phacoemulsification. IOP was measured in the sitting, supine, and lateral decubitus positions using an ICare rebound tonometer before and 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively. The mean baseline IOP in the sitting and lateral decubitus positions was 17.9 ± 4.8 mmHg and 21.43 ± 6.44 mmHg, which significantly reduced to 13.52 ± 3.8 and 17.46 ± 3.62, respectively, 3 month postoperatively (p < 0.001). However, postural IOP change (lateral decubitus minus sitting) at 3 months postoperatively was not significantly different from that at the baseline (3.17 ± 2.63 vs. 3.53 ± 3.38 mmHg, p = 0.85). Postural IOP change was not associated with preoperative sitting IOP, anterior chamber depth, axial length, fixed pupil, or presence of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Patients with higher preoperative IOP exhibited greater IOP reduction after cataract surgery in every posture (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, cataract surgery reduces IOP in all postures among patients with ACG; however, it does not reduce the magnitude of postural IOP change.

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12.12.3 Phacoemulsification (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment > 12.12 Cataract extraction)
6.1.3 Factors affecting IOP (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.1 Intraocular pressure measurement; factors affecting IOP)

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