Abstract #82541 Published in IGR 20-4

Increased choroidal thickness in primary angle closure measured by swept-source optical coherence tomography in Caucasian population

Nguyen DT; Giocanti-Aurégan A; Benhatchi N; Greliche N; Beaussier H; Sustronck P; Hammoud S; Jeanteur MN; Kretz G; Abitbol O; Lachkar Y
International Ophthalmology 2020; 40: 195-203

PURPOSE: A role of the choroid has been suggested in the pathophysiology of angle closure. We assessed the choroidal thickness (CT) in Caucasian patients with primary angle closure (PAC) and in a subgroup of patients with plateau iris using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) compared to normal eyes. METHODS: This prospective cohort study in a hospital-based population in a tertiary center compared consecutive patients with PAC to healthy controls. A subgroup analysis of patients with plateau iris was also performed. Choroidal thickness was measured by SS-OCT in the subfoveal area (SFCT) and at 1- and 3-mm eccentricity superiorly, inferiorly, nasally and temporally from the fovea. RESULTS: Compared to the 25 eyes of 13 control patients [7 women, mean (SD) age, 56.6 (15.7) years], the 45 eyes of 25 patients with PAC [15 women, mean (SD) age, 55.7 (10.7) years] had a significantly increased SFCT. SFCT was 355.36 μm (SD 85.97) in PAC eyes versus 286.08 μm (SD 98.09) in control eyes (p = 0.009). The CT was also significantly increased compared to control eyes in other macular areas (p < 0.05), except at 3 mm temporal to the fovea. In the plateau iris subgroup, a not significant (except 3 mm nasal to the fovea) trend toward an increased CT was observed in all studied macular areas compared to control eyes. CONCLUSION: In eyes of Caucasian patients with PAC, the CT is increased compared to controls. Increased CT could contribute to the pathophysiology of PAC with a possible choroidal expansion and dysfunction of choroidal ganglion cells.

Ophthalmology Department, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris, France.

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9.3.5 Primary angle closure (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.3 Primary angle closure glaucomas) Posterior (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.9 Computerized image analysis > 6.9.2 Optical coherence tomography)
2.12 Choroid, peripapillary choroid, peripapillary atrophy (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)

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