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Abstract #82580 Published in IGR 20-4

Evaluation of corneal epithelial thickness in glaucomatous patients using anterior-segment optical coherence tomography

Montorio D; Cennamo G; Breve MA; Fiore U; Reibaldi M; Brescia Morra V
Journal of biophotonics 2020; 13: e201900095


The corneal epithelium represents one of the main structures that undergo degenerative alterations due to antiglaucomatous therapy. Chronic glaucoma therapy containing benzalkonium chloride induces epithelial cellular changes and inflammatory infiltration that in turn causes ocular surface changes resulting in ocular discomfort. Also, age-related changes can involve the tear film stability and the corneal epithelium surface with reduction of microvilli. The objective of this study is to gain insights about the changes in corneal epithelium in glaucomatous patients divided according to age, type and duration of therapy using anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). This study evaluated a total of 81 eyes of 42 patients for whom corneal epithelium thickness (CET) was measured in different sectors of the cornea. Our results showed no significant differences in CET among patients divided according to type and duration of treatment, while younger patients showed a thinner CET in comparison with older patients. AS-OCT results demonstrated that the physiological age-related alterations contributed to corneal epithelium changes in patients undergo chronic antiglaucoma therapy.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Full article

Classification:

6.9.2.1 Anterior (Part of: 6 Clinical examination methods > 6.9 Computerized image analysis > 6.9.2 Optical coherence tomography)
2.2 Cornea (Part of: 2 Anatomical structures in glaucoma)



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