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WGC-2021

Abstract #82583 Published in IGR 20-4

A review of systemic medications that may modulate the risk of glaucoma

Wu A; Khawaja AP; Pasquale LR; Stein JD
Eye 2020; 34: 12-28


With increasing longevity, patients are developing more and more chronic diseases that require treatment with medications. Yet, it is not fully understood the extent by which these systemic medications affect ocular structures and whether they may increase or decrease the risk of sight-threatening ocular diseases. This review provides a summary of reported associations between different systemic medications and the risk of developing glaucoma or experiencing disease progression. Medication classes covered in this review that are known to or may modulate the risk of open-angle glaucoma include corticosteroids, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, metformin, statins, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, bupropion, postmenopausal hormones, and cannabinoids. Medication classes addressed in this review that may increase the risk of angle closure glaucoma include anticholinergics, adrenergic agonists, certain classes of antidepressants, sulfonamides, and topiramate.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Full article

Classification:

11.15 Other drugs in relation to glaucoma (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)
9.4.15 Glaucoma in relation to systemic disease (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.4 Glaucomas associated with other ocular and systemic disorders)



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