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Abstract #82587 Published in IGR 20-4

Carbonic anhydrase inhibition and the management of glaucoma: a literature and patent review 2013-2019

Supuran CT; Altamimi ASA; Carta F
Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents 2019; 29: 781-792


: Glaucoma affects more than 70 million people worldwide. One of the major therapeutic options for its management is based on the inhibition of the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1). CA inhibitors (CAIs) diminish ocular hypertension in glaucomatous patients by reducing the rate of bicarbonate formation and thus, the secretion of the aqueous humor. : This review is intended to cover the major contributions in terms of patent literature reports for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases by means of CAIs in a time frame spanning from 2013 to date. : The patent literature is dominated by innovative pharmaceutical formulations including a CAI alone or in combination with other therapeutic agents. Very few novelties within drug discovery are currently present and they mainly account for new CAI moieties and classical CAIs merged into scaffolds bearing additional chemical functionalities beneficial for the pharmacological treatment of the disease. It is reasonable to expect that in the near future the so-called 'old drugs' will achieve pharmacological performances in the management of ocular hypertension beyond any expectations and thus open a new era of drug repurposing merely based on material science advancements.

NEUROFARBA Department, Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche e Nutraceutiche, University of Florence , Sesto Fiorentino (Florence) , Italy.

Full article

Classification:

11.5.2 Topical (Part of: 11 Medical treatment > 11.5 Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors)
11.16 Vehicles, delivery systems, pharmacokinetics, formulation (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)
11.14 Investigational drugs; pharmacological experiments (Part of: 11 Medical treatment)



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