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WGC-2021

Abstract #82699 Published in IGR 20-4

Has the EAGLE landed for the use of clear lens extraction in angle-closure glaucoma? And how should primary angle-closure suspects be treated?

Tanner L; Gazzard G; Nolan WP; Foster PJ
Eye 2020; 34: 40-50


Angle-closure glaucoma is an aggressive condition that causes millions to become blind worldwide. This review explores the use of prophylactic laser peripheral iridotomy (PI) in patients classified as primary angle-closure suspects (PACS), and additionally, the use of clear lens exchange as a primary treatment option in established angle-closure disease with or without glaucoma. As PI has a strong prophylactic effect in fellow eyes of patients who have had an acute attack, its use has been widely adopted in those patients classified as PACS, but with limited evidence to support this. A large randomised trial conducted in China has demonstrated that although PI reduces the risk of incident angle-closure disease, the incidence of disease that would threaten vision was much lower than anticipated. This suggests that the benefit of prophylactic PI is very limited. Health services data shows an association between rising cataract surgical rates and of decreasing rates of acute angle-closure. Age-related growth of the lens is a major component of angle-closure disease. Several studies have shown that clear lens extraction (CLE) effectively lowers IOP in angle-closure. The use of CLE as a primary treatment option has been tested against LPI in the EAGLE study, a large RCT that enroled people with angle-closure and an IOP > 30 mmHg, and those with angle-closure glaucoma. The trial showed CLE to be superior to PI both for IOP control and patient reported quality of life. On these grounds, CLE should be considered for first-line treatment of more advanced angle-closure disease.

University of Exeter Medical School, College of Medicine & Health, St. Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK.

Full article

Classification:

9.3.2 Chronic primary angle closure glaucoma (pupillary block) (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.3 Primary angle closure glaucomas)
9.3.4 Primary angle closure suspect (Part of: 9 Clinical forms of glaucomas > 9.3 Primary angle closure glaucomas)
12.12.3 Phacoemulsification (Part of: 12 Surgical treatment > 12.12 Cataract extraction)



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